Advanced SSS products now available with global coverage!

Objectively Analysed SSS for the period May 27th to June 4th, 2014

Objectively Analysed SSS for the period May 27th to June 4th, 2014

In a continuous effort to improve the quality of our data and provide a better service to our users, we have made a new brand of advanced SSS products available. In contrast with previous datasets, the new products have global coverage and are generated for a 6-year period.

The new products are based in the debiased non-Bayesian method, as the previous ones. Some minors issues regarding the definition of the SMOS-based climatologies have been improved for the production of this new dataset.

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Debiased non-Bayesian retrieval: A novel approach to SMOS Sea Surface Salinity

We are pleased to inform you that our paper “Debiased non-Bayesian retrieval: A novel approach to SMOS Sea Surface Salinity” has recently appeared in Remote Sensing of Environment.

In the paper, we present a new method to process SMOS data in order to obtain more precise, less biased values of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS). With the new methodology, we do not only improve the overall quality of SSS data, but we also obtain valid retrievals in areas previously deemed as inaccessible, such as the Mediterranean.

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SMAP SSS provided by REMSS: v1.0 vs v2.0

Outliers distribution is very homogeous in both versions

Fig. 1: Outliers distribution (red dots) is homogeneous in both versions. The nearest points to the coast are also excluded from statistics.


Since last September, Remote Sensing Systems (REMSS) is producing version 2.0 of the Level 2 and Level 3 Sea Surface Salinity products from SMAP. One year ago, we published in this blog a brief study on the validation of  version 1.0 of the 8-day L3 SSS maps provided by REMSS (see Preliminary validation of 8-day SMAP L3 Salinity product V1.0 for more information). Now, in order to assess the improvements of this new version, we present a small comparison between these two versions of the 8-day SSS L3 maps. Part of this study was included in the V2.0 Release Notes document. The validation has been made using as reference field the 7-day global ocean 0.25-degree SSS FOAM product generated by Met Office and distributed by Copernicus.

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SMOS 7th Anniversary

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On November 2nd, 2016, SMOS mission accomplished a new feat: the mission has now been operating for seven years!

Designed for a nominal lifetime of three years plus an extension of two years, SMOS has overcome the expectations and it is now headed for a third extension period. And the instrument is still behaving well, giving rise to new products and applications on land, ocean, and cryosphere, and even for atmospheric applications.

Congratulations to SMOS and to ESA. Long life to SMOS!

The BEC team.

Can SMOS observe mesoscale eddies in the Algerian basin?

The circulation in the Algerian Basin is characterized by the presence of fresh-core eddies that  propagate along the coast or at distances between 100-200 km from the coast. Significant improvement in the  processing of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) data have allowed to produce, for the first time, satellite Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) maps in the Mediterranean Sea that capture the signature of Algerian eddies. SMOS data can be used to track them for long periods of time, especially during winter. SMOS SSS maps are well correlated with in situ measurements although the former has a smaller dynamical range. Despite this limitation, SMOS SSS maps capture the key dynamics of Algerian eddies allowing to retrieve velocities from SSS with the correct sign of vorticity. These results have been recently published in Geophysical Research Letters (Isern-Fontanet et al. 2016).

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New operational SSS products: version 2.00

L4 SSS product. The new binned debiased SSS product is fused with OSTIA SST daily, The animation corresponds to the full year 2015.

L4 SSS product. To product it, the new OA debiased SSS product is fused with OSTIA SST daily. The animation corresponds to a period from February to July 2015.

 

In a continuous effort to bring the higher quality products to our users, BEC is happy to announce that a new version of BEC SSS products (v2.00) has been put into operations.

In the new operational version, Land Sea Contamination has been mitigated by means of the empirical salinity debiasing method proposed in [Olmedo et al., 2016]. This leads to higher quality products that can be used for many different purposes. This new dataset is available at BEC products – Available variables – Sea Surface Salinity – Operational V2.0 section or by clicking here.

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Preliminary SWDI maps using the BEC L4 soil moisture product

The Water Resources Research Group of the University of Salamanca has developed a new agricultural drought index, the so-called Soil Water Deficit Index (SWDI) [1], [2], based in soil moisture and soil parameters. Using the high resolution BEC L4 soil moisture product [3] as an input of the SWDI, agricultural drought maps of Zamora province (west of Spain) were derived (Fig. 1). With this product, agricultural drought conditions in the most important agricultural regions in Spain will be monitored.

The results of this research will be published soon, so stay tuned!

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Fig.1. SWDI-SMOS map at 1 km spatial resolution of Zamora province showing wet (02/12/2010, Up) and dry (24/08/2011, Down) conditions.

Fig.1. SWDI-SMOS map at 1 km spatial resolution of Zamora province showing wet (02/12/2010, Up) and dry (24/08/2011, Down) conditions.

[1] Martínez-Fernández, J., González-Zamora, A., Sánchez, N., & Gumuzzio, A. (2015). “A soil water based index as a suitable agricultural drought indicator.” Journal of Hydrology, 522, 265-273.

[2] Martínez-Fernández, J., González-Zamora, A., Sánchez, N., Gumuzzio, A., & Herrero-Jiménez, C.M. (2016). “Satellite soil moisture for agricultural drought monitoring: Assessment of the SMOS derived Soil Water Deficit Index.” Remote Sensing of Environment, 177, 277-286.

[3] Piles, M., Camps, A., Vall-llossera, M., Corbella, I., Panciera, R., Rüdiger, C., Kerr, Y.H., & Walker, J. (2011). “Downscaling SMOS-Derived Soil Moisture Using MODIS Visible/Infrared Data.” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49, 3156-3166.

A big tour sampling the North Atlantic ocean

 

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In march 2013 an international experiment, the Salinity Processes in the Upper ocean Regional Study (SPURS), was carried out with the goal of performing a wide range of mesoscale and submesoscale measurements to understand the mechanisms of formation and permanence of the largest ocean salinity maximum in the centre of the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Several standard and prototype instruments were used in measuring the Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and other ocean variables. Among many activities developed during the SPURS-MIDAS cruise, the ICM contribution to SPURS, a set of new Lagrangian drifters to measure the SST and SSS were deployed. These were part of a total set of 114 similar drifters deployed during the whole experiment (Centurioni et al, 2015). Now almost three years later, three of these units are still providing data after performing a big tour around the North Atlantic.

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New Research: Ocean Currents at BEC

Ocean currents are a key element for the understanding of many oceanic and climatic phenomena and their knowledge is crucial for navigation and operational applications. Following the official broadening of its scope, BEC has extended its research activity towards the diagnosis of ocean surface currents from satellite observations. This new research line, led by Dr. Jordi Isern-Fontanet, is being funded through the ComFuturo program (http://comfuturo.es/proyectos/) granted by the Fundación General del CSIC (http://www.fgcsic.es/) and through the GlobCurrent project (http://www.globcurrent.org/) funded by ESA.
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